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Gunung bromo

Gunung Batok

Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park


The Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park comprises an area of 58,000 ha in the Tengger mountains, the biggest mountain range of east Java. In the centre of the park, in an age-old crater, you will find the extensive Tengger sandsea. Five relatively new volcanoes have arisen in this sand-sea: the Gunung Batok (2,440 m), the Gunung Kursi (2,561 m), the Gunung Widodaren (2,601 m), the Gunung Watangan (2,610 m) and the most famous Gunung Bromo (2,392 m). A little south of this moon landscape, the highest mountain of Java, the Gunung Semeru (3,676 m), can be climbed. Besides mountains the park has some woods and four scenic lakes: Ranu Pani (4 ha), Ranu Regulo (0.75 ha), Ranu Kumbolo (14 ha), and Ranu Darungan (0.50 ha).

Flora and fauna of the park are poor. Large parts of the woods consists of production-forests and only a few species of wildlife occur. However, birdwatchers will find a rich avifauna in which especially birds of prey are well represented.

The Tengger mountains are the home of the Tenggerese, a community of about 50,000 souls. The Tenggerese are followers of the age-old Javan form of Hinduism. Each year, in December, they celebrate the Kasada Festival, a pelgrimage to the Bromo crater.

Lautan Pasir


Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park is reachable by several routes:

  • Surabaya or Malang - Probolinggo (bus) - Ngadisari (minibus) - Cemoro Lawang (jeep)
  • Surabaya or Malang - Pasuruan (bus) - Tosari (minibus) - crater (jeep)
  • Malang - Tumpang (bus) - Gubuk Klakah (minibus) - Ngadas (jeep)
  • Purwodadi - Nongkojajar (minibus) - crater (minibus)

A permit to enter the national park is available at one of the four entrances in Cemoro Lawang, Wonokitri, Ngadas or Burno. If you plan to ascent Gunung Bromo, Gunung Semeru or one of the other mountains in the area you need a special permit, obtainable at the PHPA office in Malang.


  • Ngadisari - Cemoro Lewang
    • Hotel Bromo Permai I
    • Sukapura Permai
    • Yoschi's !!
    • Cafe Lava Hostel
    • Cemara Indah
    • Wisma Ucik
    • Bromo Homestay
  • Wonokriti - Tosari
    • Bromo Surya Indah
    • Pendopo Agung
    • Pondok Wisata Surya Nata
  • Ranupani
    • PHPA Homestay

tangga naik menuju gunung Bromo


PHPA, Jl. Raden Intan 6, Malang
PHPA, Ranupani


If you want to hike or walk through the Tengger mountains keep in mind that the temperature up in the mountains is not tropical. Take warm clothing with you.

Below is a small number of tours you can make. Several other possibilities do exist. Inquire at Yoschi's in Wonokerto.

  • Cemoro Lewang (2200 m) - crater 2 hours
  • Cemoro Lewang - crater - Ranupani 5 hours
  • Cemoro Lewang - Gunung Semeru 3 days
  • Tosari - crater 2 hours
  • Nongkojajar - waterfall Rambut Moyo 1 hour


  • Acasia decurens
  • Albitzia lomphata
  • Anaphalis javanica
  • Anethum graviolens
  • Begonia laciniata
  • Begonia spp.
  • Carpesium cermum
  • Cemara - Casuarina junghuhniana
  • Epilobium cinereum
  • Fuchsia spp.
  • Geranium homeanum
  • Geranium spp.
  • Melastoma zollingeri
  • Oplismenus undulatifolius
  • Rhododendron spp.
  • Rumex brownii
  • Stellaria vestiva
  • Styphelia pungeus
  • Tylophora adnata
  • Vaccinium varingaefolium

Mammals CITES in blue, Red List species in red, on both lists: purple

  • Ebony leaf monkey - Trachypithecus auratus
  • Asiatic wild dog - Cuon alpinus
  • Leopard - Panthera pardus
  • Rusa deer - Cervus timorensis
  • Barking deer - Muntiacus muntjak
  • Wild boar - Sus scrofa
  • Javan short-tailed porcupine - Hystrix javanica

Birds CITES in blue, Red List species in red, on both lists: purple

  • Pacific Blue Duck - Anas superciliosa
  • Wreathed Hornbill - Aceros undulatus
  • Crested Serpent-Eagle - Spilornis cheela
  • Little Grebe - Tachybaptus ruficollis
  • Banded Pitta - Pitta guajana
  • Javan Bush-Warbler - Bradypterus montis

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Copyright 2000 Mahameru
Last modified: June 21, 2000