Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
The Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park comprises an area of 58,000 ha in the Tengger mountains, the biggest mountain range of east Java. In the centre of the park, in an age-old crater, you will find the extensive Tengger sandsea. Five relatively new volcanoes have arisen in this sand-sea: the Gunung Batok (2,440 m), the Gunung Kursi (2,561 m), the Gunung Widodaren (2,601 m), the Gunung Watangan (2,610 m) and the most famous Gunung Bromo (2,392 m). A little south of this moon landscape, the highest mountain of Java, the Gunung Semeru (3,676 m), can be climbed. Besides mountains the park has some woods and four scenic lakes: Ranu Pani (4 ha), Ranu Regulo (0.75 ha), Ranu Kumbolo (14 ha), and Ranu Darungan (0.50 ha).
Flora and fauna of the park are poor. Large parts of the woods consists of production-forests and only a few species of wildlife occur. However, birdwatchers will find a rich avifauna in which especially birds of prey are well represented.
The Tengger mountains are the home of the Tenggerese, a community of about 50,000 souls. The Tenggerese are followers of the age-old Javan form of Hinduism. Each year, in December, they celebrate the Kasada Festival, a pelgrimage to the Bromo crater.
Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park is reachable by several routes:
A permit to enter the national park is available at one of the four entrances in Cemoro Lawang, Wonokitri, Ngadas or Burno. If you plan to ascent Gunung Bromo, Gunung Semeru or one of the other mountains in the area you need a special permit, obtainable at the PHPA office in Malang.
tangga naik menuju gunung Bromo
PHPA, Jl. Raden Intan 6, Malang
If you want to hike or walk through the Tengger mountains keep in mind that the temperature up in the mountains is not tropical. Take warm clothing with you.
Below is a small number of tours you can make. Several other possibilities do exist. Inquire at Yoschi's in Wonokerto.
Mammals CITES in blue, Red List species in red, on both lists: purple
Birds CITES in blue, Red List species in red, on both lists: purple
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